Effects of Food Prices on Dietary Intake of Pre-Primary Children in Low Income Peri-Urban Households in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya
Unpredictable fluctuations in food prices have direct impact on household’s income, which negatively affect dietary intake while raising the risk of malnutrition. The objective of the study was to determine the food price effects on dietary intake of pre-primary children in low-income peri- urban households in Eldoret municipality. A descriptive survey was used with a sample size of 399 low-income households. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from caregivers. Majority of the respondents, 282 (70.6%) were married. About 279(69.9%) had tertiary level education. Most (140(35.2%)) of the households had a monthly wage above Kenya Shillings (KShs) 21000, KShs 16000-20000 at 103(25.8%) with only 15(3.7%) having wage of KShs 1000 to 5000. Majority of households 257(64.6%) had more than 4 members. About 332(83.2%) of the households consumed 3 meals a day. Only 174 (43.6%) of the households consumed snacks during the day. Over half of the respondents, 334 (83.60%) had made major changes in their dietary intake over the past one year. Majority 375 (94.3%) significantly increased intake of staple foods while reducing the number of meals taken a day 280 (70.2%) as a result of increased food prices. Household head unemployment, increased household expenditure and decline in food supplies from friends and relatives all indicated a statistically significant association with the quality of dietary intake (p-value=0.00). Linear logistic regression analysis showed that change in the food price negatively affected the dietary intake at p=0.446. Furthermore, decrease in food supplies from friends and relatives led to decrea sed quality and adequacy of diet taken by the households and vice versa (p-value<0.05). From the findings, food prices affected the dietary intake of pre-primary children in low-income households. The study recommends that the government should cushion the populace against hunger by giving money monthly to low income and vulnerable household to enable them meet their dietary needs. It should also enforce existing policies that protect consumers against unpredictable food price spikes in the country.
Article Views and Downloands Counter
Alem, Y., & Söderbom, M. (2012). Household-level consumption in urban Ethiopia: The effects of a large food price shock. World Development, 40(1), 146-162.
Da Costa, M. R., & Alves, C. D. A. D. (2015). Self-perception of food intake and dietary quality. International Journal of Nutrology, 8(2), 6-12.
Darmon, N., & Drewnowski, A. (2015). Contribution of food prices and diet cost to socioeconomic disparities in diet quality and health: A systematic review and analysis. Nutrition Reviews, 73(10), 643-660.
FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP & WHO. (2022). The state of food security and nutrition in the world 2022. Repurposing Food and Agricultural Policies to Make Healthy Diets More Affordable. Rome, FAO. https://doi.org/10.4060/cc0639en. Accessed on 27th September 2022
FAO (2017). Household food security & community nutrition. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/ag/agn/nutrition/household_en.stm. Accessed on 27th September 2022
Huang, K., & Huang, S. W., (2012). Consumer welfare: Effects of increased food and energy prices Applied Economics, 44(19) 2012, pp.2527-2536.
Kearney, J. (2010). Food consumption trends and drivers: Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 365(1554), 2793-2807
KNBS. (2019). 2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Results. https://www.knbs.or.ke/2019-kenya-population-and-housing-census-results/
Maharana, A., Cai, K., Hellerstein, J., Hswen, Y., Munsell, M., Staneva, V., ... & Nsoesie, E. O. (2019). Detecting reports of unsafe foods in consumer product reviews. JAMIA open, 2(3), 330-338.
Matz, J. A., Kalkuhl, M., & Abegaz, G. A. (2015). The short-term impact of price shocks on food Security-Evidence from urban and rural Ethiopia. Food Security, 7(3), 657-679.
Mitchell, D. (2008). A note on rising food prices (Vol. 4682). Washington, DC: World Bank
Mohajan, H., (2013). Poverty and economic development of Kenya, MPRA Paper 51072, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 06 Jul 2013.
Copyright (c) 2023 Africa Journal of Technical and Vocational Education and Training
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.Copyright Notice Copyright of published articles is held by AfriTVET. No limitation will be placed on the personal freedom of authors to copy or to use in subsequent work, material contained in their papers. Please contact the Publisher for clarification if you are unsure of the use of copyright material. Apart from fair dealing for the purposes of research and private study, or criticism and or review, this publication may only be reproduced, stored or transmitted, in any form or by any means, with the prior permission in writing of the Publishers.